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Criswell Type 5
(1,606 issued) "First Richmond"

This bill is a $100 note from September of 1861. This is one of my favorites and is certainly one of the more beautiful notes ever issued, Confederate or otherwise. The South never used dollar signs, but there are a few big "C"s on the note. We've all heard of "C" notes!? It is hand-numbered twice and hand-dated. It also bears the actual signature of the Confederate treasurer and register.

Criswell Type 41
(678,000 issued)
Keatinge & Ball, Columbia, South Carolina, printers

This is an interesting bill from a number of angles. Grover Criswell lists almost a thousand variations of 72 different Confederate notes.* This bill alone has 36 variations.

Criswell Type 45
(412,500 issued)
B. Duncan, Columbia, South Carolina, printer

There is only one known counterfeit version of this type. That is probably because the note has a special green overprint that was hard to copy and expensive to print. Blanton Duncan added the overprint because he thought it would "look better", but quickly dropped the overprint when informed by Confederate Treasury officials that they would not pay for the additional prinitng cost

Criswell Type 8
(123,564 issued)
Hoyer & Ludwig, Richmond, Virginia, printers

I chose this note because I am intrigued by George Washington standing center stage on a Confederate bill. While Washington's portrait appears on more paper money than any other individual in American history, I was surprised to find that he appears on no less than three Confederate notes.* As well, this engraving appears to be based on the famous Gilbert Stuart portrait that graces the US $1 bill.

A new book, Counterfeit Currency of the Confederate States of America by George Tremmel, is scheduled to appear in February 2003. It supposedly has a good coverage of S.C. Upham, the Philadelphia maker of counterfeit Confederate stamps in 1862. 2003, 198 pages, cloth, price circa $37.50

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Collecting Confederate Currency
I began collecting Confederate currency in 1993 on a drive from Atlanta to Pittsburgh. My father had just died and I had to drive his car to my brother's place. I decided to make the most of the trip and stop by as many Civil War spots as I could. Somehow I got the idea that I would scour the South for Confederate currency and return home with the beginnings of a new hobby.

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